American armored car combat history vehicle wheeled
These vehicles provided only minimal protection. Nevertheless, they represented a major advance over the earlier method of transporting infantry into battle in unarmoured trucks.
Moreover, German panzer grenadiers used them effectively as combat vehicles and fought from them on the move, thus greatly increasing the mobility of infantry on the battlefield. In the postwar era the U.
Combat vehicles | The British Army
Army led the development of fully tracked infantry carriers with all-around armour protection. The first postwar carrier was the large M44, which had a crew of 2 and could carry 25 soldiers. This was followed in by the M75, which had a similar box body but carried only 12 soldiers. The U. Army used a few M75s successfully during the Korean War.
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In the M75 began to be replaced by the M59, which was similar in appearance but was less expensive and could swim across calm inland waters. In the U. Army fielded the M , which had a lower silhouette and was considerably lighter. The M was the first aluminum-armoured vehicle to be put into large-scale production. After its appearance, several other armoured carriers, light tanks, and self-propelled guns were built with aluminum armour.
Within 30 years the United States had produced more than 76, M APCs and their derivatives, making them the most numerous armoured vehicles outside the Soviet bloc. M carriers were used extensively in the Vietnam War , often as combat vehicles, although they were not designed for that role and were at a disadvantage in spite of the addition of roof-mounted machine guns with protective shields. Although they have been superseded as infantry carriers by newer models, Ms continue to be used in a variety of roles—for example, for medical evacuation and as mortar carriers.
The British equivalent of the M was the FV series of tracked vehicles, introduced to the British Army in the s. The FV vehicles were made in many versions, including mobile command posts and ambulances. It was generally armed with a 7.
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The French AMX-VCI of represented the first attempt to produce a true infantry fighting vehicle IFV —that is, a tracked armoured carrier from which infantry could fight effectively. A further step in this direction was taken by the West German army with the HS, which included a turret with a mm cannon. Both vehicles enabled mounted infantry effectively to engage even armoured opponents—a capability lacking in previous designs. The Marder weighs The BMP-1 weighs A later version, the BMP-2, introduced in the early s, is armed with a high-velocity mm cannon; both versions carry externally mounted antitank guided missiles.
The BMP-3 , in service with the Russian army since the late s and also sold for export, has a mm combined gun and missile launcher and can carry a squad of seven infantrymen. In the s the U. Landsverk Pansarbil Lynx. Leyland Armored Car. M20 G Four-Wheeled Armored Car. M38 Wolfhound. Wheeled Light Armored Scout Car. Fast Armored Car.
Panhard Type Four-Wheeled Light Armored Car. Peerless Armored Car. Rolls-Royce Armored Car. SdKfz Leichter Panzerspahwagen. Ligth Reconnaissance Armored Scout Car. Armored Reconnassance Scout Car.
Eight-Wheeled Armored Reconnaissance Car. SdKfz Schwerer Panzerspahwagen 6-rad. Six-Wheeled Light Armored Car. SdKfz Puma. Standard Beaverette. Sumida M.
T17 Deerhound. T17E1 Staghound.